1863 Dickson, Nelson & Co. Rifle

With the outbreak of the war in 1861, William Dickson (a planter from Alabama), Owen Nelson (an attorney from Tuscumbia) and Lewis Sadler (a physician) started the Shakanoosa Arms Company. Operations began at there first plant in Buzzard Roost, Colbert County, Alabama. A $7000.00 advance for funding to manufacture U.S. Model 1841 “Mississippi” type rifles for the state of Alabama was received.

In the summer of 1862 the Shakanoosa Arms Company was forced to move its operation to Rome Georgia in fear of the nearing Union forces, after a while at this location the armory again suffered a setback when there building was destroyed by fire. Again they were forced to move to Adairsville, Georgia under the name Dickson, Nelson & Company and in August 1863, Union advances forced them have to move further south to Macon, Georgia. Finally in February of 1864 the company moved to its final home in Dawson, Georgia.

Rifles under the supervision of inspecting officer, Captain B.J. McCormick were to conform to the U.S. Model 1841 Mississippi pattern, having 33” barrels of .58 caliber and stocks 48” in length. Brass hardware on these rifles included a straight butt plate, two piece trigger guard, barrel bands and nose cap with many of these parts having casting flaws throughout and some having reddish color indicating high copper content.

It’s estimated that about 3600 rifles were manufactured from 1862 thru 1865, but there’s no documentation to prove that. It’s the authors opinion that this number is way to high for the number of surviving rifles. Most of the surviving specimens are dated 1864 and 1865.

“Flaydermans Guide to Antique American Firearms” states that there are only 3 recorded 1863 dated lockplates. Two of these lockplates are not attached and the other is on a two-band rifle.

Which brings me to the newest member in the “Civil War Arsenals” ever growing collection. This 1863 Dickson, Nelson Rifle is truly a rare Southern Beauty. Based on Flaydermans Guide, this new addition is the rarest example of any weapon the Arsenal has to offer, making it the forth known 63 lockplate and only the second one attached to a stock.

I first saw this rifle a couple years ago at a gun show in Gettysburg, the fellow that was selling it had a large collection of Southern Weapons. I purchased another from him at the time (63 Fayetteville) that is one of the nicest examples in my collection. I had made him an offer on this rifle but he wasn’t willing to negotiate off his price. Fast forward two years and I ran into him at another Civil War Show and it turned out he still had the rifle. So after a little bit of haggling we settled on a price and I became the new owner of this 1863 Dickson, Nelson Rifle.

This rifle is in very good condition considering its history. The lock plate is dated 1863 ALA. behind the hammer which means the rifle was manufactured through contract for the state of Alabama. Forward the hammer is stamped DICKSON, NELSON & CO. and C.S. on the bottom line. The upper left surface of the barrel is date stamped ALA. 1863/65 (can’t really tell due to pitting)and the under surface of the barrel is stamped with a “windmill” or “Maltese Cross”armorers mark, attributed to Nathaniel D. Cross an inspector at the Selma Arsenal. The rear sight is fixed and located 3 1/8” forward the barrels breech. All of the brass hardware has casting flaws and lots of great patina. The barrel shows three broad lands and grooves and the ram rod appears to be original with some pitting but still showing its thread. The stock is in extremely good condition with the exception of what appears to be bug/termite damage on the left side by the butt plate, but it’s my opinion that this damage was original to the weapon when manufactured and not after the war while in storage, but it’s only my opinion. Included with the purchase of this weapon was an original confederate linen sling which compliments the rifle well based on its condition. I’m not certain it’s original to the rifle but based on the sling folds it’s been on the rifle for a long time.

So there you have it, yet another addition to the Civil War Arsenal. I hope you enjoy the photos, if you have any questions or thoughts on this rifle feel free to contact me at civilwararsenal@yahoo.com attn: Eugene West, hope to hear from you soon

9 thoughts on “1863 Dickson, Nelson & Co. Rifle

  1. Have one of these Rifles that came from the NY area but looks to be a Dickson Nelson rifle. This Rifle looks just like to one in the pictures but no brass hardware.How can get more info?

  2. Hi, I was reading your post at http://www.civilwararsenal.com/1863-dickson-nelson-co-rifle/

    My great, great Grandfather was a colonel and then general in the civil war for the north. Our family has two of his rifles. One from the north, and one from the south–which appears to be a 1863 Dickson Nelson & Co. Rifle. It does however have two marks on it. One on the lock plate from 1863 in Alabama, and one on the barrel that says 1864. I have included photos. I would be curious on any information you have on this rifle. Would this be one in addition to the “few three” that was manufactured in 1863—given the lock plate marking? As you can see, the condition is not great. Rust on the barrel, etc. Not sure if it should be cleaned or not.

    Thank you

  3. Hi Eugene,
    I have an 1863 ALA Dickerson, Nelson, & Co. Rifle……I’ve cleaned it up some, but the hammer is frozen, but since I’m not intending to fire it, I plan to just keep it wiped down. It has a lot of brass on it and with the cherry stock, it’s easily the most stylish civil war rifle I have displayed. I’m pretty sure I seen one at the Stone River National Cemetery Visitor Center in Tennessee maybe some 40 years ago.

    • Hey John, sorry it’s taken so long to respond but I’ve been in the sunny state of Florida enjoying the warm weather and not doing the blog and history thing. I’d love to see some photos of your rifle….Would it be possible to provide some? Do you have any other Southern weapons?

  4. Would you happen to be able to shed some light on this rifle.
    Would like to know maybe value range for it also?

    Thank you

  5. I have been in touch with a client concerning the brokering and sale of two Dickerson Nelson co one a1863 rifles and the second a 1862 rifle. Where he is from and the actual weapons show beyond a doubt of each authenticity. One rifle has behind hammer making ala,.1863. In front Dickerson Nelson co CS #37. It has sling and all parts with the exception of the bayonet.

    The other is marked behind hammer 1862 ala. in front Dickerson Nelson Co CS #23

  6. Kenneth, unfortunately the images you forwarded are of a U.S. Model 1841 Mississippi that have altered lock plates……there are no known examples of Dickson and Nelsons with patch boxes, as well as none that exist with a lock plate dated 1862……if you go to my web site http://www.civilwararsenal.com/1863-dickson-nelson-co-rifle/ and study the images of my Dickson & Nelson you will notice the markings on the lock plate are stamped by a press with all the letters and markings straight and not well defined……your examples are stamped by hand making them crooked and very deeply etched into the lock plate…….there are a dozen other details I could mention however I think you get the point…..I would not attempt to sell or represent those weapons as authentic……but they could be sold as a reenactors weapon or an entry level collectors weapon.
    Hope this helps, sorry about the bad news, Regards Gene West

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