Colt Model 1861 Special Rifle Musket, New Jersey Markings

Colt Model 1861 Special Musket was Manufactured between 1861-1865 with production estimated between 75,000 & 100,000. Originally made for the Federal Government to support the war effort, however many failed the stringent government inspections yet were definitely serviceable. Classified by Colt as “Second Class U.S. Rifle Muskets” many were sold to Northern states to support local Militias. New York outfitters and arms dealer Schuyler, Hartley & Graham sold 2,500 of these muskets to the state of Connecticut in July of 1863. But it seems most were sold to the state of New Jersey based on surviving examples.

Quick identification of the Colt Second Class musket is the “N.J.” on the left side of the barrel and left stock flat opposite the lock plate however the usual Ordnance Department proof (cartouche) or final inspection markings are absent.

58 caliber single shot muzzle loader made with 40” barrels and three barrel bands. Oil stained walnut stock with most metal parts finished “in the white” but bluing was standard on rear sight, nipples, and various screws. The Colt musket has no serial number.

My new Colt rifle musket is dated 1862 on the lock plate and 1863 on the barrel flat. It’s in extremely good condition however at sometime someone has sanded the stock and polished the barrel, fortunately by hand and not an electric buffer.

Included with the musket is a Collins & Co. socket bayonet which would be correct for a Colt musket rifle. All in all this is a pretty nice example of a surviving Union made Rifle Musket.

Thanks for stopping by and looking at my virtual museum. I have many new items that I will be adding shortly, in the meantime if you have any questions about this post feel free to contact me at attn: Gene West.

4 thoughts on “Colt Model 1861 Special Rifle Musket, New Jersey Markings

  1. Hello, I have acquired an old civil war muzzleloader that I’d love to know more about. Stamped on the receiver is “e. Whitney n. Haven”. I was told it’s a .58 Cal.. Based off alittle research I believe it’s a m1861 model. On the wood stock is etched “June 17, 1865 US. NC”

    I would greatly appreciate any information you can provide.

    • Jacob,
      You have a Whitney Connecticut Contract M1861 Musket, I’ve provided an attachment below to help with some of the details about the weapon. Yours is the “Early Production” Model which is a bit more scarce, however the condition is “in my opinion” good which makes it worth about $850. Im not certain what the engraving on the stock means…….possibly U.S. North Carolina, but not really certain. I looked up on line the date and couldn’t find any historical significance.

      Hope this helps, Gene West

  2. Att. Gene west,I found this in a warehouse near my home in shadydale was disassembled as appeared to have been for a very long time.i removed the surface rust from the metal peices and reassembled it as carefully as possible as to not damage any of its originality or patina.the more I try to find out about it ,the more questions seem to arise.upon the preservation of the seemingly crude cast metal,I noticed a stamped #5 on every single peice but the screws which some of those have Roman numerals.this # 5,is this not a serial number or what exactly does it represent??thanks for any info or reply you may have.

    • Luke,
      Responding to your request for information about a weapon you found in pieces. Unfortunately I never received pictures you may have sent. Please resend them to this email address, sometimes the pictures are not received through my website. Not certain why.

      Regards Gene

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